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A Complete Guide to Know About the Top State PSC Exams



A Complete Guide to Know About the Top State PSC Exams

The state PSC exams are conducted by almost all the states. The Public Service Commission (PSC) in each state is the advisory body that conducts the recruitment exams for various posts in the government offices. The main exam conducted by them is for civil or administrative vacancies. 

The factors pertaining to those exams like the eligibility criteria and the syllabus are quite similar to that of UPSC CSE. The states conduct these exams independently and release separate notifications. These exams are not as competitive as the UPSC CSE exams as the number of candidates that apply for state PSC exams is comparatively less. 

The top PSC exams conducted in the country like WBPSC, CGPSC exam, APSC and others are discussed in detail below. These state PSC exams are conducted once a year and consist of several stages of recruitment. The details about the upcoming state PSC exams, along with the eligibility criteria and the exam pattern are discussed here.

WBPSC (West Bengal Public Service Commission)

West Bengal Civil Service (WBCS) Exam is conducted by WBPSC to recruit candidates for Group A, B, C and D posts in the state government and administration. The WBPSC notification for the 2022 exam is expected to be released soon. 

The candidates who are interested in joining the state services have to fill the WBCS application forms after the forms are out. Candidates must make sure that they meet the eligibility criteria before they fill the application form. 

WBPSC Eligibility Criteria: The candidates must be Indian citizens of age 20 – 39 years. The requirement varies depending upon the post. Age relaxations are given to the candidates belonging to reserved categories. They all must be able to read, write, and speak in Bengali/ Nepali languages in order to appear for the exam. Apart from this, there are several eligibility requirements that vary from post to post. The aspirants must go through the relevant details to make sure they are not disqualified in the selection process. 

WBPSC Exam Pattern: There are three stages in the WBPSC selection process- Prelims, Mains, and Interview. The Prelims exam consists of 200 MCQ-type questions from 8 sections. The Mains exam has 6 compulsory papers and 1 optional paper. It is wise to check the detailed exam pattern before the candidates start with their preparations. 

KPSC (Karnataka Public Service Commission)

KPSC is the advisory body of the Karnataka government that conducts the Karnataka Administrative Services (KAS) exam for multiple posts like Commercial Tax Officer, Asst Superintendent, Deputy Superintendent of Excise, Deputy Superintendent of Police, Assistant Commissioner, and others. 

The KPSC Group C admit card for 2021 has been released and the exam is scheduled to be conducted on December 04 and December 19, 2021. The notification for KPSC 2022 is expected to be released in January 2022. 

KPSC Eligibility Criteria: Any Indian citizen between the age of 21 – 35 years is eligible to apply for the exam if they can clear the Kannada language exam. Educational and work experience requirements depend upon the post the candidate is applying for. There are also limitations to the number of attempts for some specific categories of students. The candidates must refer to the detailed eligibility criteria required for their respective posts. 

KPSC Exam Pattern: KPSC selection process has three stages- Prelims, Mains, and Interview. The Prelims exam pattern consists of two objective type papers, and the Mains exam has 8 descriptive papers. The final merit list is prepared on the basis of marks obtained in Mains and Personal Interview. 

CGPSC (Chhattisgarh Public Service Commission)

The Chhattisgarh Public Service Exam is conducted for the recruitment of candidates in the state government and administrative offices. The recruitment is done for multiple posts like State Civil Service (Dy. Collector), State Police Service (DSP), Commercial Tax Officer, District, Women & Child Development Officer, Labour Officer, Excise SI and others. 

The CGPSC notification 2022 has been released on November 26, 2021, and the CGPSC application forms were out on December 01, 2021. The last date to apply for the exam is December 30, 2021, and the CGPSC Prelims exam is going to be conducted on February 13, 2021. 

CGPSC Eligibility Criteria: Any candidate between the age of 21 – 30 years with at least 60% in graduation is eligible to apply for the exam. Candidates from Chhattisgarh and reserved categories get relaxation in the age limit. There are some physical requirements too for some specific posts.

CGPSC Exam Pattern: Like most of the PSC exams, there are three stages in the selection process. The Prelims consists of two objective type papers while the exam pattern for Mains has 7 papers that consist of all sorts of questions. The Interview is conducted for 150 marks and the final selection is done on the basis of Mains and Interview. 

Kerala PSC (Kerala Public Service Commission)

Kerala PSC is conducted to recruit candidates in 62 departments of the state government of Kerala. The Commission releases separate notifications for different posts. The notification for the mechanic posts in the ITI department has been released. The candidates interested in joining the posts can apply before December 12, 2021. 

Kerala PSC Eligibility Criteria: To appear for the Kerala PSC exam, the candidates have to be a domicile of Kerala and must be between the age of 21 – 30 years. They must also have a minimum of 50% in their graduation/ post-graduation/ professional degree course.

Kerala PSC Exam Pattern: Kerala PSC selection too has 3 stages- Prelims, Mains and Interview. The Prelims exam pattern has 2 MCQ papers and the Main exam has 3 papers with descriptive questions. Each paper in both the stages of exams is of 100 marks each.

TNPSC (Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission)

TNPSC exam is conducted to recruit candidates for the group 1, 2, 3, and 4 posts of Tamil Nadu State Government. The notifications for each group are released separately. The group 1 notification is expected to be released in April 2022, group 2 in July 2022, and group 4 in June 2022. The details about the TNPSC application forms and vacancies will be given in the notifications.

TNPSC Eligibility Criteria: The minimum and the maximum age limit for the TNPSC exam is 18 and 30 years respectively. However, they may vary for some specific posts. Similarly, the basic required educational qualification is a bachelor’s degree. However, some posts may require certain educational qualifications.

TNPSC Exam Pattern: The TNPSC exam pattern for Prelims consists of 1 objective exam and the Mains exam consists of 3 descriptive papers. The Prelims exam consists of 300 marks out of which, the candidates have to score at least 120. In the Mains exam, the total marks are 850 and the minimum required marks are 340. 

APSC (Assam Public Service Commission)

Every year APSC conducts the Combines Competetive Examination (CCE) to recruit candidates for the various posts at the Assam government. APSC CCE is the civil service examination for the state of Assam. The notification for APSC 2022 is not released yet. The registration process for APSC Main 2021 is ongoing. The registration dates for APSC Main 2021 exam are 16 November – 1 December 2021.

APSC Eligibility Criteria: Indian citizens within the age limit of 21 – 38 years are eligible to apply for the APSC exam. Candidates must have at least a Bachelor’s degree and are required to have achieved 60% marks (55% for reserved categories) in their graduation to appear for the APSC exam. 

APSC Exam Pattern: Candidates must know about the APSC exam pattern before applying for the exam. The APSC CCE selection process consists of 3 stages – Preliminary Exam, Mains Exam, and Personal Interview. There are two papers of 200 marks each in the Prelims exam. There are a total of 5 papers in the Mains Exam and the last stage of the selection process is the Personal Interview which holds the weightage of 275 marks.

MPPSC (Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission)

The MPPSC exam is conducted to recruit government officials for the various posts at Madhya Pradesh Government. State Administrative Service and Deputy Collecter, State Police Service and Deputy Superintendant of Police (GD), Jina Fighter, Asst. Director Public Relation, Asst.Director School Education Dept, Cooperative Inspector are some of the posts in the state government that are filled via MPPSC exam. The notifications for various posts are released separately. The MPPSC exam for the post of the Assistant Manager in the State Health and Family Welfare Department 2021 is scheduled to be held on 23 January 2022.

MPPSC Eligibility: Candidates must hold a minimum of a Bachelor’s degree from a recognized board or university. The age limit to apply for the MPPSC exam is 21-35 years (for permanent residents of MP) and 30 years (for other candidates)

MPPSC Exam Pattern: The MPPSC selection process consists of three exams- Prelims, Mains, and Interview. The MPPSC Prelims exam has 2 papers of 200 marks each. The Mains exam has 6 papers where 3 of the papers are of 300 marks, 2 of them are of 200 marks and 1 paper is of 100 marks. The interview is the final stage of the exam and is 175 marks.

HPPSC (Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission)

H.P. Administrative Combined Competitive Exam widely known as HPPSC is conducted by the Himachal Pradesh Public Service Commission to select candidates for various posts in the Himachal Pradesh state government body. There are a number of posts of various levels or grades that are filled via the HPPSC exam. The notifications for various posts are released separately. Therefore candidates must keep a check on the HPPSC official website. The admit card for the HPPSC assistant engineer CBT 2021 exam was released on 6 December 2021 and the exam is scheduled to be held on 12 December 2021. The HP Range Forest Officer Main Exam 2021 is to be held on 22 December 2021.

HPPSC Eligibility: The candidates must be citizens of India within the age limit of 21 – 35 years. There are certain relaxations with respect to the age of candidates belonging to the reserved categories. Also, the candidates are required to have at least a Bachelor’s degree from a recognized board or university. The highest educational qualification requirement varies for different posts. It would be highly beneficial for the candidates to have in-depth knowledge of the customs, traditions, and language of Himachal Pradesh. 

HPPSC Exam Pattern: The HPPSC exam pattern consists of three staged examinations – Prelims, Main, and Interview. The prelims exam has 2 papers of 200 marks each and the total weightage held is 400 marks. The main or written exam’s total weightage is 900 marks and the interview holds the weightage of 150 marks.

Above are the details about some of the top state PSC exams. Even though the overall exam pattern and eligibility criteria may seem similar for multiple posts and exams, there are some variations in the minute details. Thus, it is important that the candidates check the details of their respective state PSC exam and the post they are applying for, very thoroughly. They must also go through the important books suggested for their respective state PSC exam and the preparations tips suggested by the toppers and experts. 

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How to start your bakery in India? 




How to start your bakery in India? 

Baking is an art, yet it can be a very lucrative business. For some entrepreneurs, the thought of starting their own bakery might seem daunting. Yes, starting a bakery in India is not an easy task. You need to be well-informed about different bakery business types, licenses, permits required, the education requirements, and other factors that will ensure success. 

But don’t worry, this article will best answer your questions and tell you all that you need to know about starting your own successful bakery in India! 

Be sure of the type of bakery you want to start. 

Entrepreneurs should first decide which type of bakery business they want to start. Each option has its own advantages, challenges, and investment requirements. 

1. Brick and mortar store: It means having a physical store, and it is the most popular type you will find in India. The initial investment may be high, as you first buy a store/shop or rent it, furniture, hire staff, take a lot of merits/license, etc. But it offers you a physical presence where your customers can head, and having space also helps you take large-scale operations. 

2. Home Bakeries: This is a good option for those looking for a humble start in a bakery business with minimal upfront investment. Entrepreneurs can start with their own home equipment to churn out delicacies. Later as money and customers start flowing in, they can increase their investment. It’s the best option for people with little or no business experience. The best hotel management colleges in Bangalore train students well for a career in baking and business end as well. 

3. Online Bakeries/Ghost bakeries: Going online is the fastest growing trend amidst a digital revolution. Entrepreneurs can leverage online food delivery apps like swiggy, zomato, etc., but be careful as the online business is very competitive and has lots of hidden costs. A new growing concept is ghost kitchens, which have no physical presence but just focus on online presence. 

4. Specialty Bakeries: Experienced bakers who have mastery over specific baking styles can go for a specialty bakery. It offers high-quality products and focuses more on customer satisfaction and maintaining tradition. 

Licenses to obtain 

The following licenses are required to be obtained: 

1. FSSAI License: To start a bakery, a food license is necessary. 

2. Eating House License: It’s a license for conducting food and drink business obtained from Police.

3. Health License: It’s granted by municipal corporations for starting goods and services businesses. 

4. Fire License: It’s obtained from the Fire department. 

5. Business Registration: You can begin without registering your business as a sole proprietorship, but it’s better to have a business name and logo registered to enjoy certain legal benefits. 

6. GST Registration: If your annual business turnover exceeds 20 lakhs, you require a GST registration. It’s indispensable if you want to sell through online food delivery apps. 

Business plan 

To start with a plan before starting the physical business helps solve a lot of problems. You will be better aware of your resources, risks, finances, challenges, and plan to over challenges. Following are the tools and techniques you can utilize to plan your bakery- 

Vision, Mission, and Goals: Before starting your business, be clear about why you want to start it? How do you envision your business after a few years? What are your aim and objective? Do you want to make money or serve the best in quality food or both? After this, create SMART goals to achieve your objectives. 

Business Overview: It’s a brief summary of your business, i.e., your business name, menu items, location, type, expected revenue, etc. 

Target Audience: Be sure of your target audience, like, people of which locality you want to serve? Demographics of your target audience- age, gender, income level, etc.? What are your target customer preferences, i.e., cakes, biscuits, pastries, or anything else? What’s your target audience size? How much competition is there? 

The SWOT Analysis: It’s good to know one’s strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats before kicking off a business. 

Financial Analysis: Here, you calculate your expected operating costs, expected revenue, expected growth, break-even analysis, debt management, etc. 

Operations Planning: This is the most crucial part. You need to plan for various things like- where you will source your supplies? How much staff do you need? Where and how items will be cooked? Which equipment do you require? How will orders be received? Storage, packaging, quality control, and various other details. 

Marketing Plans: Here, you plan for your share of voice in the market. How will you increase your brand awareness? Through which channels will you advertise? On which platforms will you advertise? How will you launch your marketing campaigns? Marketing budget. 

Education for starting up a bakery. 

Folks who want to be well-grounded with relevant education have many options to choose from diploma in bakery and confectionery, BSc catering science and hotel management, etc.

Diploma in bakery and confectionery– It’s a one-year course and best for those who want to kick start their career as a baker quickly. After 12th, students can take this course to get the basic knowledge and skills of the industry. 

BSc catering science- It’s a three-year undergraduate degree course. Here, students get the best training for hospitality, tour & travel, food, and catering services. After completion, students can take up various roles such as Catering Manager, Hotel Sales Manager, Customer Service Executive, Hotel Manager, Resort Manager, Human Resource Officer, Housekeeping Manager, Front Desk Receptionist, Night Auditor, Food and Beverage Director, etc. 

Hotel management- Students can pursue Hotel Management courses after class 12th. Bachelor of hotel management (BHM) and Master of hotel management (MHM) are the popular choices. There are many good hotel management business schools in Bangalore, Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, etc. After this course, students can get lucrative jobs in the hospitality industry. 

Pro tips for a successful bakery- 

● Focus on what the customer needs. 

● Have an attractive price. 

● Maintain quality and taste. 

● Profitability is critical for long-term success. 

● Maintain a presence in the community. 

● Offer festival discounts, special discounts, etc., to attract customers. 

● Create your business’s brand image. 

● Update your menu as per response and season. 

● Maintain and grow your online presence. 


This was the basic layout of establishing your career as a baker. One can enroll themselves in dedicated bakery and hotel management courses to come out with flying colors.

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What are the top 5 benefits of pursuing an executive MBA?




What are the top 5 benefits of pursuing an executive MBA?

The world is growing at lightning-fast speed when it comes to business and technology. To keep up with the speed, many people take courses that offer them the latest knowledge and competitive salaries. Many students also prefer to start working at an early stage of their lives to become successful in the career they choose. However, it is never too late to opt for a career that you find flourishing. The most common course that goes with all kinds of fields of work is MBA. 

MBA is a flexible course and can be pursued anytime, as it doesn’t have an age limit. It not only enhances your business skills but technological skills as well! However, many working professionals may find it difficult to pursue the course, as they might not be willing to give up their job for it. But there is nothing to worry, as an executive MBA has been introduced for them so that they don’t have to miss out on learning more while they are working. 

Executive MBA is a part-time course that is flexible and is designed in a way wherein you can study without compromising on your work. Executive MBA has a lot of benefits. Here are 5 listed for you: 

1. Become A Leader 

MBA stands for ‘Masters in Business Administration; it means to manage. An executive MBA develops your management skills which help you ace the team-leading part of work. As you study, your strategic thinking is worked on. This enhances your skills in decision-making and makes you an effective leader. 

It contributes so much to your confidence that you can think of establishing your own business.

2. Manage Anything And Everything 

Pursuing an executive MBA enhances your management skills in general. As you may know, an MBA has many branches, and an executive MBA prepares you for all. You can upgrade your management skills without worrying about the branch, be it HR, marketing, finance, accounting, etc. 

Because the course leads you to general level management, a person belonging to any field of work can pursue it. 

3. Work And Study 

An executive MBA is designed to keep your work in mind. The classes in this course are taken on weekends or in the evenings according to your convenience. This helps you focus on your work while you study effectively. Most working people are free during weekends, and the course is designed in a way that one can absorb information easily. 

An executive MBA is flexible, and it can be taken up from anywhere, at any time. 

4. Practice The Theory 

The best thing about taking up an executive MBA is that whatever you learn during the course can be executed immediately in the job you are doing. Usually, students execute the knowledge grasped during the course once they graduate and get a job. An executive MBA is pursued while working, so it is any day an added advantage to your career. 

5. Development Of Soft Skills 

Soft skills are an essential part of management. When you are leading a team, you need to be clear in delivering messages and have a tone that engages the members. An executive MBA helps develop soft skills enhancing your management skills.

Management is not only about time and work management but developing empathy and listening skills too. An executive MBA can help you work on these skills effectively. 

Career In Executive MBA 

If you are a working professional and are planning to develop management skills, an executive MBA is a perfect choice. If you reside in Mumbai or are looking for an executive MBA course there, you can find the best colleges. One of the best business schools in Mumbai is the Universal Business School which offers an executive MBA for working professionals at two locations in Mumbai. 

The course offers you specialization in various branches of MBA, like human resources, finance, marketing, and project management. You can choose between weekdays and weekends at your convenience. The course is designed by 3 B-schools, namely – Cardiff School of Management, IIM Indore, and UBS. And students get an option to either study at the IIM Indore Campus or Cardiff School of Management. 

Here are the details of the course: 

Duration 1 year
Course PG Fees Rs. 4.5 Lacs


● The candidate can submit only one application in a year 

● Candidates must ensure that their application form is complete. 

● The application, once submitted, becomes a confidential property of UBS and is not returnable.

Documents Required 

● The candidate must ensure that all the information provided is accurate and authentic. ● Candidates can be asked to provide satisfactory verification of the information and documents submitted to the college. If a candidate fails to do so, the school reserves the right to withdraw any offer of admission already made and to terminate one’s status as a student. 

Once your application is selected, you are invited to take a test/interview that is essential in assessing your eligibility for the course. 


A minimum of 48 months of work experience is required to become eligible for the executive MBA program. However, candidates with lesser work experience can apply to the course too. 


There are many MBA programs you can opt for; however, if you are a working professional, you may not be able to go for these full-time courses. An executive MBA comes as an excellent option in such cases. An executive MBA for working professionals not only enhances their management skills but also develops their leadership and soft skills. 

If you are looking for the best executive MBA programs in Mumbai, there are a lot of opportunities. One of the best business schools in Mumbai is UBS (Universal Business School). It offers you an executive MBA program with a lot of added benefits. The program is designed according to the schedule of working professionals. You can easily choose between weekdays and weekend classes at your convenience. You can check out the details on the college’s website.

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Leading Hotel Chains of India 




Leading Hotel Chains of India 

India is a land of rich cultural heritage. India’s history is marked by the presence of different rulers who governed India according to their doctrines. The architecture, societal structure, food, dressing sense, etc. of most areas still have a deep connection to the tribes or cultures that were prevalent there in the past. India is also a very welcoming country. Guests are treated here with respect and a feeling of oneness instantly dawns upon any visitor as soon as they land in India. It is therefore understandable that the hospitality industry has a well-structured system that is spread across the country. Since a lot of tourists visit India to get a piece of its diverse cultural setup, the majority of the leading hotels and restaurants can be seen following a similar theme. For example, most hotels in Jaipur have a Rajputana-styled theme applied to them. Whereas, hotels, eating joints and shopping centers in Hyderabad reflect their Mughal roots. Every city in India has something different to offer. How much of it they can absorb depends on the appetite of the visitor. For most parts, tourists in India get more than what they bargain for. Assistance by the local governments, experienced locals, and the ever-entertaining tour guides make sure that travelers feel right while exploring India. 

Hotels are the forerunners in representing India’s hospitality industry. It becomes an unsaid but understandable responsibility of a hotel to provide a good experience to the travelers. With the advent of technology, it has become relatively easier for both travelers and hoteliers alike, to connect before any bookings are made. It has also enabled households to enlist their houses on platforms like Airbnb to provide a more homely feel for the tourists. Many states like Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand which derive most of their economy from tourism have expanded their hotel industry at a rapid rate. That is because the tourism industry has seen an unprecedented rise in the past year. The major reason for that was the country-wide lockdown, which saw people being confined to their houses for most of 2020. Therefore, it was understandable that tourists flooded almost all the popular destinations once the lockdown was lifted. This called for an expansion of the current hotel set up in many places. 

Since the hotel industry is booming right now, colleges that are offering hotel management courses are also witnessing a high influx of students. India has a large collection of colleges and universities that offer a wide range of courses in the hospitality industry such as BBA in hospitality management. Students can end up having a bright career in hospitality with hotel management colleges in Bhopal. Such courses are the future of studies where theory and practical knowledge are imparted at the same time. Therefore, by the end of the course, students are able to adapt to the corporate setup of a job in the hotel industry pretty quickly. 

There are a lot of international hotels that have opened multiple branches in India. Other than that, concepts like OYO rooms are on the rise in the Indian hotel industry. Some of the leading hotel chains in India include:

Radisson: The Radisson chain of hotels is one of the largest in the world. They have a lot of branches spread all over India too. They operate under the name of Radisson Blu hotels and are one of the leading names in the hotel industry in India

Lords Hotels and Resorts: Lords Hotels and resorts are a renowned brand in the hospitality industry. They have hotels located in all major Indian cities like Bengaluru, Jodhpur, Lucknow, Surat, etc. They are a leading name when it comes to hospitality and has a history of great service to cater to that claim. 

ITC hotels: The banners for ITC hotels will probably be the first site that a visitor might see when he/she lands at all the major cities of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai, etc. Aggressive pricing and a 7-star setup for the guests is what makes the ITC chain of hotels a go-to name when it comes to lodging. The rooms are the gold standard, the food is amazing. But what brings customers back to ITC is the impeccable service that is provided when one is a guest at any of their hotels. 

OYO rooms: OYO is not exactly a chain of hotels per se. However, it can be classified as a concept that has disrupted the hotel industry of India since its launch. With a lot of properties ranging from homestays to 5-stars hotels under its umbrella, OYO is a service provider where hotels sign-up to enlist their property. The customer can then view the hotels on the OYO app or website and can book them as per their need. Therefore, without owning a single property, OYO is one of the biggest names in the hotel industry of India. Its success can be attributed to the wide variety it offers its customers and a standard which all hotels have to abide by. 

Taj Group: The Taj Group of hotels has a property at almost all the major business centers of India. It is a name that stands for luxury and quality. With a huge catalog of different room types, one can feel class and lavishness ooze out of the service that is provided to the guest at these hotels. The Taj group is also one of the oldest luxury hotel chains in India. One can feel the combination of cultural legacy clubbed with modernization at Taj hotels. 

There are a lot of other chains that operate at the country level. With the passage of time, the hotel industry is evolving as well. A huge change has taken place in the hospitality field in the past 20 years. With traveling becoming more than just a hobby for the generation to come, one can hope that positive things are in store for the future of this business.

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B.Ed. – A Gateway to Better Opportunities 




B.Ed. – A Gateway to Better Opportunities 

In India, teachers are placed in high regard. And for all the good reasons, an amazing teacher will leave a lasting impression on the students for years to come. Not only will the teacher push students to pursue their passions but also how to go about it. A teacher’s role is an important one that has a lot of responsibility attached to it. As such, the Indian Government has made the process of hiring new teachers strict. 

As per the National Council of Teacher Education or NCTE, all teachers must compulsorily hold a Bachelor of Education degree. Several colleges and universities offer a B.Ed degree in full-time and distance mode too. 

What is a B.Ed degree? 

A Bachelor of Education degree is an undergraduate level two-year-long programme. The goal of the programme is to prepare students for the teaching field. Candidates are also trained extensively in soft skills, student psychology, and more. This is an especially popular degree for individuals who wish to teach at the school level and/or college level. The degree is a requirement in order to teach at public and private schools. 

Usually, the Bachelor of Education degree is two years long. The university accepts candidates who have at least 50% aggregate marks in the previous qualifying examination. There is a 5% reduction in place for reserved category students. Also, the candidate must have taken the state entrance test. 

Career Options After B.Ed. 

For a B.Ed degree pursuant, there are many options for a career besides a traditional teaching job; depending on the job choice, the salary range, and employment chart.

Described below are some of the career options that most graduates from B.Ed colleges in Raipur opt for. 

Government Jobs 

Like the private sector, there are many jobs in the public sector too. Candidates must have a B.Ed degree in order to teach at primary to high school classes. There are three job positions, Primary Teacher (class 1 to 5), Trained Graduate Teacher (class 6 to 10) and Postgraduate Teacher (class 11 and 12). However, in public jobs, one must also have a Teacher Eligibility Test or TET score. 

The TET examination is held in each state. Individuals who wish to work in a particular state needs to appear for that particular TET. Some popular TET include Assam TET, Bihar TET, Punjab TET. After achieving a passing rank in the examination, candidates can apply for open job positions. Available jobs are usually advertised on the respective state government websites. The TET score is now valid for a lifetime and candidates can continue using it to apply for jobs. 

Private Jobs 

Besides public sector jobs, there are various jobs in the private sector. One can specifically work as a teacher from primary classes to class 12th. Alternatively, there are jobs as researchers, counsellors, designing syllabuses and more. The most popular job titles are as below. 

Teacher: Private schools in India hire teachers with both bachelors and masters degree holders. The eligibility criteria and also the salary range will vary widely according to the school one is working at. However, on average, one can expect to earn INR 30,000 – 35,000 monthly. Private school teachers additionally have a different sets of perks.

School Counsellors: School counsellors will work with students and aim to help them in any capacity. They will handle academic queries and help students figure out the perfect course and career path. The counsellors take into account the strengths and weaknesses of the students in order to make recommendations. School counsellors earn INR 2- 3 LPA on average. 

School Administrator: Individuals who wish to go into administration and manage a school can do so with a B.Ed degree. One would have to start with an entry-level job in school administration and work their way up. Schools can have different administrators for primary schools, middle schools, and high schools. The average salary range for school administrators is INR 25,000 – 30,000 monthly. 

School Researcher: School researchers work at a specific research programme. They will typically work on a real-world problem and create a hypothesis and first-hand research to solve it. B.Ed degree holders can start out by assisting an established researcher. Thereafter with experience and higher education, they would be able to handle projects on their own. Academic researchers earn an average pay of INR 15,000 – 17,000 monthly. 

Higher Education 

For some candidates, immediately looking for a job might not be the plan. In that case, opting for a higher education degree is the right choice. There are many master’s degree options one can choose from at different universities in Raipur such as M.Ed, MA, or M.Com. All course options for higher education are elaborated on below. 

Master’s degree: Depending on the subject of expertise of the candidate, one can pick up a relevant master’s degree. For a Commerce degree holder, M.Com would be the right choice. Similarly, B.A. degree holders can take up M.A. degrees. The applicant can pick up the same concentration as the bachelor’s degree or in one they wish to work at. Admissions can be on both merit basis and through entrance tests.

M.Ed.: After a Bachelor of Education degree, a popular choice is a Master of Education degree. It is a two-year-long programme but some universities have year-long M.Ed programmes too. Admissions are typically through a university-level entrance test. The course will specialize in different teaching methods and research methods. 

B.Ped and M.Ped: Another degree option that can be used to teach at the school level is to pursue a bachelor’s and master’s in Physical Education. Both these degrees along with a B.Ed degree would help individuals to teach Physical Education or Sports at schools. There are several B.PEd colleges in Chhattisgarh that offer degrees in Physical Education at different levels. 

A Bachelor of Education is the base degree that most schools and colleges require their teachers to have. The two-year-long program enables individuals to teach and also work at the administration level in schools. However, there are many options for jobs and education after completing a degree from top B.Ed colleges in Raipur. A little bit of research will go a long way to work in this field.

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With the rapid evolution of technology, the demand for qualified data science professionals has grown by leaps and bounds. The rise of Big Data & the Internet of Things (IoT) has prompted the need for professionals who can process copious amounts of data to recover useable intelligence for companies. One sees many young students and mid-career professionals opt for courses in Data Science. So, what is Data Science and why is it proving to be a lucrative career opportunity? According to UCLA Berkely, the ability to understand, process, and extract value from Data constitute Data Science, and a good data scientist is a powerhouse of all these abilities. UCLA Berkely states that the term ‘Data Scientist’ was coined in 2008 – when companies realized the need for professionals skilled in organizing and analyzing massive amounts of data. Data science professionals, thus, have become intrinsic to global conglomerates. 

Numerous varsities have begun to offer full & part-time courses in the subject. One such institute is TERNA– This engineering college in Osmanabad, Maharashtra is known for its focus on data science. They offer B. Tech degrees in Artificial Intelligence & Data Science for those looking to make a career in this field. 

So why is this the right time to become a Data Scientist? As technology becomes more intrinsic to daily life, the need for qualified data scientists increases. There is a genuine dearth of professionals who can effectively process data, as well as build and analyze algorithms that can have a positive impact on business. Every company has data that needs to be processed & milked for profits – This is precisely why data science is proving to be the most sought-after career opportunity of this century. LinkedIn too lists data scientist as the most promising job of 2021. According to Glassdoor & Forbes, data science jobs will see a whopping 28% increase by the year 2026. Further, Analytics India Magazine states that the data science landscape is set to ‘double in size’ by 2025 – As companies incorporate data science in every aspect of their operation, the need for new research techniques to solve business problems also increases. TERNA Osmanbad’s B. Tech in Data Science has visibly opened newer avenues for students across the country.

As lucrative as data science is, it is an expansive field, which makes it important to know exactly what you want to pursue. According to UCLA Berkely, there are 3 main branches in Data Science, namely: 

• Data Scientist 

• Data Analyst 

• Data Engineer 

A data scientist has the acumen to effectively answer questions and process data for business usage. Data Scientists can answer questions by finding related data. They can mine, clean, process, and organize copious amounts of information for business use. Skills required are programming (SAS, R, Python), statistical and mathematical skills, storytelling and data visualization, Hadoop, SQL, and machine learning. 

A data analyst acts as a bridge between scientists and business analysts- they organize existing information and align results with business strategies. Skills required are programming (SAS, R, Python), statistical and mathematical skills, data wrangling, data visualization. 

Next comes Data Engineer. They shift through massive amounts of rapidly changing data to develop systems for collecting, storing, and analyzing essential data. They make sure that collated data is in a ‘usable state’ before it reaches data scientists and analysts. In short, data engineers are the first ones to be confronted with a massive influx of information that is later filtered for business use. Skills needed are Programming (Java, Scala), NoSQL databases (MongoDB, Cassandra DB), frameworks (Apache Hadoop). TERNA Osmanabad’s B tech in Artificial Intelligence and Data Science allows students to pursue all 3 fields of data science with ease. It is the only engineering college in Osmanabad to offer students the opportunity to pursue data science as a career. No other engineering college in Maharashtra comes close. This engineering college in Osmanabad has an intake of only 60 students for its B. Tech in Data Science. All admissions are based on merit in MHT CET. 

While part-time courses are all the rage among mid-career professionals looking to become data scientists, it is always a good idea to get a proper B. Tech in Data Science first. It can be easier to learn new things about the field while in college. It is easier to grasp technical concepts in an environment that fosters learning. Secondly and most importantly, a good varsity will allow budding data scientists to intern with professionals in the field. TERNA Osmanabad, for instance, is the only engineering college in Maharashtra to make sure that its students gain valuable internship experience from their courses.

A B.Tech in Data Science also proves to be beneficial in the sense that one can delve extensively into the subject. While part-time courses are good, it is not easy for students to retain extensive information provided by these courses. A proper B. tech in Data Science and Artificial intelligence has the potential to make you a better data scientist due to its in-depth coverage of the subject & its longer duration. 

In conclusion, we can say that this is the best time to become a data scientist. With the rapid advent and growing importance of big data, data science has become increasingly relevant for companies across the spectrum. Every corporation is in dire need of data scientists to make sense of information for business use. Most importantly, data scientists are remunerated highly for their technical skill-set. According to analysts, an average data scientist can make up to $117,212 per year. Data engineers and data analysts make a good amount of money too. Precisely why it is a great idea to pursue B. Tech in Data Science & Artificial intelligence from institutes like TERNA Osmanabad. Varsities like TERNA offer employable degrees that churn out quality data scientists.

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